Pharmaceutical developers, researchers, and scientists depend heavily on human tissue samples to develop and validate new drugs, therapies, and diagnostic tests. One common type of human tissue sample that researchers often rely on is formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue. FFPE samples are a type of tissue sample that has been treated with formalin to preserve the tissue structure and prevent degradation.
However, not all FFPE tissue samples are created equal. There are three primary types of FFPE tissue samples: normal, disease-state, and malignant. In this blog post, we will discuss the differences between these three types of FFPE samples and how they are used in the pharmaceutical industry.
Normal FFPE tissue samples are obtained from healthy individuals who have not been diagnosed with any serious medical conditions. These types of samples are used as a control in drug development and research studies to compare against disease-state and malignant samples. Normal FFPE tissue samples are essential to establish a baseline for comparison, which allows researchers to identify significant differences between normal and abnormal tissues. This information is useful for developing diagnostic tests to detect cancer or other diseases.
Disease-state FFPE tissue samples are taken from individuals who have been diagnosed with a medical condition or disease. These samples are often used in drug development and diagnostic testing to determine how the condition affects the tissue and how treatments may affect the tissue. For example, researchers may use disease-state FFPE tissue samples to study the cellular and molecular changes associated with cancer and to identify potential therapeutic targets.
Malignant FFPE tissue samples are taken from individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer. These samples are used to investigate the specific cellular and molecular changes that occur in the cancerous tissue and how these changes can be targeted with drugs. Malignant FFPE samples are often used in drug development because they provide a realistic representation of the tissue type that the drug is designed to target. They are also used in the development of diagnostic cancer tests.
FFPE tissue samples are crucial in drug development, diagnostic testing, and medical research. Knowing the differences between normal, disease-state, and malignant FFPE tissue samples can improve the accuracy and effectiveness of these studies. Normal tissue samples provide a control to compare against disease-state and malignant tissue samples to identify significant differences. Disease-state tissue samples allow researchers to study how a medical condition affects tissue and how treatments may affect the tissue. Malignant tissue samples are essential in the development of cancer therapies and diagnostic tests.
By understanding the differences between these three types of FFPE tissue samples, pharmaceutical developers, researchers, and scientists can more accurately and effectively develop new drugs, therapies, and diagnostic tests to improve patient outcomes.